Installed as Guru at the young age of five, Guru Har Krishan was a humanitarian who helped heal people in Delhi who were suffering from a smallpox epidemic. In the Granth abides the Guru’ s spirit. Guru Har Krishan was the youngest of the Gurus. 8. The former entered the fold of the Khalsa in Guru Gobind Singh’s time, and took the name of Lal Singh. He who has faith gains all. The story goes like that Guru ji dipped his feet in a big tub of water ( chobacha). With thy knowledge of all the three worlds, thou knowest best.” Guru Har Krishan called the messenger and told him that he would accompany him to Delhi. Those lower caste people who followed Guru Nanak’s teachings were no longer deaf and mute. Guru Har Krishan guessed what the emperor had in his mind. While in Delhi, he had met Guru Har Krishan and now he received the news of his passing away. The seventh guru, Har Rai, started a herbal garden in Kiratpur. The Guru’s mother, Mata Sulakkhani, became very sad. Both happiness and suffering are part of life. In their Invocation prayer (ardas) written by Guru Gobind Singh, the Sikhs repeat everyday these words,"Contemplate on Guru Harkrishan, the vision … In the sangat of Sialkot district was Pair Mall of Pasrur, along with his family. why this darkness surrounding the sun itself? Find the Teachings of Guru … One, a man named Lal Chand, challenged the boy to a scriptural debate. One of these displayed ornaments, clothes and toys. They first went to Kiratpur to inform Guru Har Krishan’s sister, Bibi Rup Kaur. When people learned of Guru Har Krishan's presence there, they went to him for shelter and protection. How does a fish live separated from water?” “The body is perishable,” said Guru Har Krishan. ... During Guru Har Krishan’s stay in Delhi, a severe epidemic of Cholera and Smallpox broke out. Guru ji tended to and served the sick patients with full devotion. One such famous incident as noted by Macauliffe in Sikh Religion - Vol 4 is from the life of Guru Har Krishan. Guru Har Krishan’s Sacrifice Guru Harkrishan was an example of this relationship between the Physical and Pranic Bodies: he made the ultimate sacrifice of his physical body in order for the ultimate purification (healing) to happen in his community that was afflicted by a disease. Death: Delhi – April 16, 1664. 3. The fever turned out to be the beginning of an attack of smallpox. He became the youngest guru in Sikhism when he succeeded his father Guru Har Rai on 7 October 1661 as a five year old. The teachings of Raj Yog reference powerful Pranayama to empower our own Pranic Body and open the Heart Chakra. To the Sikhs he proved to be the very symbol of service, purity and truth. Along the way, he instructed the disciples who came to call on him. He started hospitals for lepers. Yet he did not fail to carry out his important responsibility before he left the mortal world. Har Rai chose Har Krishan, rather than his elder son Ram Rai, because Ram Rai was in collusion with the Mughal Empire. Guru Har Krishan knew how his father had punished Ram Rai, his elder brother, for showing feats in Aurangzeb’s court. Guru Har Krishan Ji the eighth Guru of the Sikhs was born in the Guru Ghar (Home of the Gurus) on 7 July 1656. Your email address will not be published. 1665 - 1675 Guru Tegh Bahadur. From the very beginning he was the deadly enemy of the Mughals. [5] After Aurangzeb won the succession war in 1658, he summoned Guru Har Rai in 1660 to explain his support for the executed Dara Shikoh. In his last moments, he was able to nominate his successor. I was blessed when I came into this family married to the late Guru. Guru Har Krishan (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਕ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਨ, pronunciation: [ɡʊruː həɾ kɾɪʃən]; 17 July 1656 – 9 April 1664) was the eighth of the ten Sikh Gurus.At the age of 5, he became the youngest Guru in Sikhism on 7 October 1661, succeeding his father, Guru Har Rai. The discovery of the Guru is another legendary tale. He asked his followers to keep arms and fight against the Mughal Tyranny. He asked them not to give way to despair but abide by the will of the Almighty. and smallpox. Aurangzeb kept the 13 year old Ram Rai as hostage, questioned Ram Rai about a verse in the Adi Granth – the holy text of Sikhs. He who is without faith acquires but little. They were in despair and wondered who would take the gaddi after him. Guru Har Krishan – taught Sikhs about caring for the suffering through caring for cholera. At the entrance to the inner apartments of the palace, he was received by the Raja’s servants with due honour. He came to see the Guru and spoke with derision: “It is said that you sit on the gaddi of Guru Nanak. Sign Up. The Guru’s tender body was ravaged by the disease. We know that learning is easier when you have an excellent teacher. Guru Har Rai passed away on October 6, 1661. When he saw the poor or the sick, he always sat down to help them. Guru Tegh Bahadur – taught Sikhs to defend the right of all people to freedom. It's free … Shri Guru Harkishan Degree College named after the eighth Sikh Guru Shri Guru Harkishan Sahib Ji was inaugurated by Late Sr.Gyani Zail Singh, H'ble Ex. 223-24. Eternal peace will be yours.”. He was cremated at the present site of this Gurdwara, Bala Sahib Gurdwara. Here are the instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. Guru Har Krishan was the eighth of the ten Sikh Gurus. The sangats were looked after by the Guru’ s grandmother, Mata Bassi, and mother, Mata Sulakkhni. According to the Guru kian Sakhian, Mata Bassi, the grandmother, asked Gurdas, of the family of Bhai Bahilo, to start a reading of the Holy Granth in his memory. He had two large trays laid out for the Guru. Guru Har Krishan asked Dargah Mall to call him. Guru Har Krishan was born in Rupnagar, Punjab, India to Guru Har Rai and Kishan Kaur (Mata Sulakhni). Guru Har Krishan traveled through Ropar, Banur and Ambala. Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib. Sign up for Facebook to get started. In that village lived a pandit, Lal Chand by name, who was proud of his caste as well as of his learning. Guru Harkrishan was the eighth Guru of the Sikhs, who had taken over the mantle of the 'Guru' when he was only five years old.He was gentle yet firm, child-like yet mature, soft yet steadfast, and it was because of all these qualities that the Sikh community placed him on an equal pedestal with all the other Sikh Gurus. As says the Mahima Prakash, the emperor had planned a trial. The emperor was convinced of his holiness. He who would wish to speak with the Guru, let him read the Granth with devotion. Call. Birth: Kiratpur – July 23, 1656, Har Krishan (Har Kishan) is the youngest son of Guru Har Rai Sodhi. They need our help more than any other people. Both he and Chhajju Ram became the Guru’s disciples and travelled with him up to Kurukshetra. ~Elisabeth Meru (excerpted from her book From the Heart of Sikhism) He asked for the ceremonial marks of succession to be fetched. [15], Gurudwara Bangla Sahib, where the Guru died, Gurudwara Panjokhra Sahib, Ambala, Haryana- Pertaining to 8th Sikh Guru Har Krishan, History of Gurudwara Panjokhra Sahib, Haryana, "Hari Krishnan" redirects here. According to the Guru kian Sakhian, the presents offered by Mata Bassi included a pothi of stories from Guru Har Rai’ s mouth and a dagger belonging to Guru Hargobind. Before his death in October 1661, Har Rai designated his younger son Har Krishan as the next Guru. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Guru Har Krishan Life History And Teachings. Guru Har Krishan His Life and Teachings THE LIFE & TEACHINGS OF GURU HARKRISHAN AMRITA SHARMA Singh Brothers Publishers, Booksellers, Exporters Sole distributors: SSn&h Brothers Publishers, Booksellers, Exporters Head Office: Bazar Mai Sewan, Near Harmandar Sahib, Amritsar- 143006 Tele 254 5787 Showroom: S.C.O. Guru Har Krishan was the youngest of the Gurus. 10. He, in turn, had anointed his younger son Har Krishan as the heir. They need our help more than any other people. and smallpox. The reference was unmistakably to Tegh Bahadur. You are the dispeller of the world’ s sorrows and sufferings . He was the son of Guru Har Rai Ji, the seventh Guru of the Sikhs and his wife, Bibi Sulakhni who is also known as Mata Krishan Kaur. The life & teachings of Guru Hargobind & Guru Hare Krishan. Guru Tegh Bahadur showed the path of divinity to his disciples by teaching them to overcome greed, desire, ego and pain. I was blessed when you were born. Guru Har Krishan, as says the Sri Gur Pratap Suraj Granth, instructed them in this manner: “Gurgaddi, Guru Nanak’s throne, is eternal. Humbly he fell at the Guru’s feet. He told himself that he would not see his face again. The house was a spacious one “designed to suit all the seasons of the year.” The Sikhs of Delhi started coming in groups to see the Guru. Your very sight removes the ailments of others . With regard to Guru Harkrishan Ji, the powerful projection of his healing Pranic body and the expansiveness of his Heart Chakra were greater than we can describe or imagine. us 9592304046. Raja Jai Singh humbly requested the Guru to come to Delhi, so that he and the Guru’s Sikhs may behold him. Kids4Fun T he Baisakhi day (March 29) of 1662 brought to Kiratpur vast numbers of followers. The Guru accepted the invitation. When he saw the poor or the sick, he always sat down to help them. victims. 9. His father, Guru Har Rai supported the moderate Sufi influenced Dara Shikoh instead of conservative Sunni influenced Aurangzeb as the two brothers entered into a war of succession to the Mughal Empire throne. Inauguration as Guru: Kiratpur – October 20, 1661, Guru Har Rai appoints his youngest son Har Krishan to succeed him as Guru. Leave a comment Mother Sulakkhani’s heart was awakened to the truth and she felt herself released from her worldly chains. ... Guru Har Krishan … He sent for him to Delhi as he had sent for his father, Guru Har Rai. [3][4] He is remembered in the Sikh tradition for saying "Baba Bakale" before he died, which Sikhs interpreted to identify his granduncle Guru Tegh Bahadur as the next successor. President Govt. [2][3] Guru Har Krishan had the shortest reign as Guru, lasting only 2 years, 5 months and 24 days. Throughout the teachings of the Ninth Guru, therefore, love of mammon and worldly goods is strongly deprecated, so that for their sake the inhabitants of Hindustan be not tempted to change their religion. He believed that no one should attempt a mirage and try to disturb the law of God. "One who vanquishes his ego and beholds the Lord as the Sole Doer of all things, that person has attained 'Jiwan Mukti' (is liberated while living), know this as the real truth, says Nanak." guru nanak dev ji. A very learned pundit by the name of Lal Chand, noting that the guru's name was similar to that of Lord Krishna, came visiting with the intent to test him on the knowledge of Bhagavad Gita by asking the meaning of a few shalokas. He who practises its teachings will obtain all the four padarathas, or cherished objects of human life. Guru Har Krishan – taught Sikhs about caring for the suffering through caring for cholera. All should sing God’s praises and not weep or lament. The festival lasted three days. As he stepped inside, the ladies, in their costly jewels and clothes, bowed in reverencers He walked past them acknowledging their greetings. RG: New Delhi's Gurudwara Bangla Sahib is also connected to an epidemic? Guru Har Krishan (1656-1664) Guru Har Krishan was named guru at the age of 5 by his father, Guru Har Rai. Now I am cast into a bottomless ocean of sorrow. The Guru gave his life while serving and healing the epidemic-stricken people in Delhi. Interest. Marriage: Never married. When Guru Gobind Singh Ji went to Sachkhand they ordered Sikhs that there will be no living Guru for Sikhs now and gave Gurugadhi to Guru Granth Sahib Ji who is 11th Guru of Sikhs. Guru Har Krishan passed away on March 30, 1664. Important Dates and Corresponding Events: Spouses and Progeny – Dating influenced by historic obscurity and conversion from Vikram Samvat ( SV ) to Gregorian (A.D.) and Julian Common Era (C.E) calendars, and obscure sequencing of various historians . The story goes that Mughal crown prince Dara Shikoh got cured by the herbal medicine administered by the guru. Leprosy, as you know, is a very bad disease. [2] He contracted smallpox in 1664 and died before reaching his eighth birthday. HS Singha (2009), The Encyclopedia of Sikhism, Hemkunt Press, "Guru Harkrishen And Gurdwara Bangla Sahib", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Guru_Har_Krishan&oldid=1001659855, Articles having same image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 January 2021, at 18:12. The Granth is the Lord of all. However, the Guru instantly identified her and sat on her lap, proclaiming, “This is the Rani”, thereby convincing her of his spiritual powers. Gurū Har Kriśan Jī´s body was given to the fire on a plain called Tilkharī, south of Dillī by the banks of the Jamnā. He accordingly begged Har Krishan's pardon for his mistake and became the Guru's disciple. The festival lasted three days. 5,094 Views. Guru Har Krishan (Gurmukhi: ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿ ਕ੍ਰਿਸ਼ਨ, pronunciation: [ɡʊruː həɾ kɾɪʃən]; 17 July 1656 – 9 April 1664[1]) was the eighth of the ten Sikh Gurus. Aurangzeb claimed that it disparaged the Muslims. For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. He delighted the hearts of his disciples by his commentaries. The illiterate villager astonished everyone by his cogent commentary on the sacred book. For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Now when a servant of Raja Jai Singh of Amber arrived with the emperor’ s message, Guru Har Krishan took counsel with his leading Sikhs. He started hospitals for lepers. Guru Har Krishan College of education Raitkhana karnal. Disguising herself as a maid, she sat amongst the lady attendants. Guru Har Krishan was made to swear never to look upon the face of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb nor be persuaded go to his court where Ram Rai was in residence. [11], One of the most famous Gurdwara of Sikhs in North India, Gurdwara Bangla Sahib was at that time the residence (bangla is indic term for bungalow) of Raja Jai Singh of Delhi. He became Guru at the age of five. Here are the instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. A day before his demise, Guru Har Krishan consecrated his Baba who lived in the village Bakala as the next Guru. As Chhajju Ram came, the Guru enquired if he would explain to the pandit the gist of the Bhagavad Gita. He rejected the tray containing ornaments and clothes, and accepted the one containing the cloak. He was born in 1656. Gurudwara Panjokhra sahib is situated on this place now. Teachings of the Guru Gobind Singh - Did you know that the Sikhism code of conduct is based on edicts or written orders issued by Guru Gobind Singh? Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Guru Arjan's Teachings Like the other Gurus, Guru Arjan believed in doing good deeds rather than just preaching. He contracted smallpox in 1664 and died before reaching his eighth birthday. The other had in it a holy man’s cloak and cowl. As he came near one dressed modestly in a maid’s coarse homespun, he stopped and said, You are the Rani. President Govt. Guru HarKrishan is the eighth Sikh Guru. Anyone who took a bath there recovered. Required fields are marked *. Shri Guru Harkishan Degree College named after the eighth Sikh Guru Shri Guru Harkishan Sahib Ji was inaugurated by Late Sr.Gyani Zail Singh, H'ble Ex. He always practised what he preached. Guru Har Krishan Life History And Teachings. Guru Arjan was succeeded by his son, Hargobind. He was long remembered by the Muslims as "Bala Pir" and by the Hindus as "Balmukand". Guru Har Rai (1644 - 1661). Gurdwara Bangla Sahib at Delhi, where Guru Harkrishan ji Stayed, got constructed by Sardar Baghel Singh. Some in the Sikh community doubted the ability of a 5-year-old to lead them. What is ordained must happen. He was born at Kiratpur, India. It is said that he died because he contracted smallpox while successfully curing his followers.[3]. On hearing this, Lal Chand brought a mute and ignorant water carrier called Chhajju. Guru Arjan's Teachings Like the other Gurus, Guru Arjan believed in doing good deeds rather than just preaching. Guru Har Krishan His Life and Teachings THE LIFE & TEACHINGS OF GURU HARKRISHAN AMRITA SHARMA Singh Brothers Publishers, Booksellers, Exporters Sole distributors: SSn&h Brothers Publishers, Booksellers, Exporters Head Office: Bazar Mai Sewan, Near Harmandar Sahib, Amritsar- 143006 Tele 254 5787 Showroom: S.C.O. The guru, with the intention to cure him of his pride, said that Lal Chand does not need the guru for this task and that anyone could do that. It is everlasting and will command increasing honour. Guru Tegh Bahadur traveled to distant regions to share the teachings of Guru Nanak. The grave with his ashes has remained intact until now. July 12, 2020 “As you learn to have faith in God’s Will, you will attain to realms sorrowless. The Sikhs wondered why the Guru suffered thus. The body is mortal. Whatever He does is His order. Guru Har Krishan utters the words "Baba Bakale" … Guru Har Krishan was in a critical state. Culture And Traditions folktales For Kids, Culture And Traditions folktales for Students, Culture And Traditions folktales in English, Inspirational folktales for School Children, Inspirational folktales for Students Children folktales in English, Guru Gobind Singh: Uncommon Games and Related Stories, Guru Gobind Singh: Childhood of 10th Sikh Guru, Krishna & Syamantaka Gem: Lord Krishna Story, US Immigration Lawyers – Law Offices of Vivek Malik. Guru Har Krishan (1661 - 1664). His father was Guru Har Rai and his mother was Mata Krishan Kaur. Suddenly one day Guru Har Krishan was taken ill with a fever. Daily bow your head to it. [13][14], It was during his stay here that a deadly disease of smallpox and cholera had spread in the city of Delhi. The sangats were looked after by the Guru’s grandmother, Mata Bassi, and mother, Mata Sulakkhni. So will you conquer your passions and attain liberation.”, Tears filled the Sikhs’ eyes as they listened to what sounded like the last words of the Guru. He consoled the Sikhs and taught them to abide by God’s Will. He who wants to see me, let him with faith and love see the Granth. At the age of 13, Guru Har Krishan succumbed to the disease from which he had spent his short life protecting others against. The Guru gave his life while serving and healing the epidemic-stricken people in Delhi. However, Har Krishan contracted smallpox when he arrived in Delhi and his meeting with Aurangzeb was cancelled. The guru placed his stick on Chhajju's head. Guru Harkrishan was the eighth Guru of the Sikhs, who had taken over the mantle of the 'Guru' when he was only five years old.He was gentle yet firm, child-like yet mature, soft yet steadfast, and it was because of all these qualities that the Sikh community placed him … Both were presented to Guru Har Krishan. At the age of 5, he became the youngest Guru in Sikhism on 7 October 1661,[1] succeeding his father, Guru Har Rai. MS: The eighth Guru, Har Krishan, is called ‘Balá Guru’ (the boy guru) for his tender age. Macauliffe writes "The Brahman and the water carrier accordingly began to discuss, and the water carrier gave such learned replies, that the Brahman stood in astonished silence before the Guru." Guru Tegh Bahadur – taught Sikhs to defend the right of all people to freedom. To the Sikhs he proved to be the very symbol of service, purity and truth. They said to him with clasped hands, “We are thy servants, Lord. [9] Some of biographies about Guru Har Krishan, particularly about who his mother was, were written in the 18th century such as by Kesar Singh Chhibber, as well as in the 19th century, and these are highly inconsistent. The Rani had devised her own test. [10], Sikh Gurus have been known to impart lessons in humility during their lifetimes. The Sikh religious organization interpreted those words to mean that the next Guru is to be found in Bakale village, which they identified as Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhism. Leprosy, as you know, is a very bad disease. Thus Guru Har Krishan carried on the teaching of the Gurus and preserved intact the … Guru Har Krishan Sahib. [6][8], Aurangzeb meanwhile rewarded Ram Rai, patronizing him with land grants in Dehra Dun region of the Himalayas. Har Krishan was a child of five when his dying father, Guru Har Rai, appointed him to be the eighth guru of the Sikhs, a position coveted by Ram Rai. [5][3], Authentic literature with more details about Guru Har Krishan's life and times are scarce and not well recorded. [12], Because of the Guru’s young age, the Raja’s wife too wanted to test his spiritual powers. 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Emperor Aurangzeb was not pleased to hear about the growing fame of Guru Har Krishan. His mother is thought to be Kishan (Krishan) Kaur or Sulakhni. Dargah Mall and Munshi Kalyan Das were sent to Punjab with the mournful news. But all he could say was “Baba Bakale.” He meant that the next Guru would be found in the town of Bakala. But what do you know of the old religious books?” Chhajju Ram, the illiterate, dark-skinned village water-carrier, happened to pass by at that moment. Consequently, Guru Har Rai passed over Ram Rai and appointed his youngest son Har Krishan to succeed him as guru. He thought he would invite him again and see him perform a miracle. 0 people like this topic: Want to like this Page? None in this world liveth forever. On his deathbed, Har Krishan said, "Baba Bakale", and died in 1664. For the Indian actor, see, Visiting Raja Jai Singh and death in Delhi. He himself took up the Title of Saccha Padshah. Guru Har Krishan physical body passed away from this planet on Saturday, 16 April 1664. Thus the Guru collected all the hymns and teachings of Guru Nanak Dev Ji and began the processes of converting them into a written compilation. Lal Chand’s pride was overcome. He reminded them to cherish the One God alone, and asked them to discard passions and learn the virtues of patience, charity and love. An interesting anecdote happened when Guru Hargobind had anointed his grandson Har Rai as his spiritual heir. Guru Har Rai sent his elder son Baba Ram Rai to represent him. Har Krishan was born in Kiratpur (Shivalik Hills) in northwest Indian subcontinent to Krishen Devi (Mata Sulakhni) and Guru Har Rai. Thus Guru Har Krishan carried on the teaching of the Gurus and preserved intact the legacy he had inherited from them. Guru Granth Sahib Ji . victims. Guru Har Krishan consoled the disciples. 223-24. Guru HarKrishan Ji Posted July 22, 2016 by Bibiji & filed under 08-Guru Harkrishan, Our Authors, Sikh History. Who would be my rescuer? Kisae dee ninda, chugalee, atae eirkhaa nahee karnee Mata Bassi betrothed her granddaughter, Bibi Rup Kaur, to him. In Delhi, Guru Har Krishan put up in Raja Jai Singh’s bungalow which is now the site of Gurdwara Bangla Sahib. Surya being …, Your email address will not be published. When Guru was near Panjokhara, a Sikh spoke with humility, “Sangats are coming from Peshawar, Kabul and Kashmir. They came chanting the holy songs and brought offerings with them. Known for his artillery skills and being the protector of the weak, Guru Tegh Bahadur Singh travelled across the country preaching Guru Nanak Dev's teachings. As the founder of a new religion, Guru Nanak set down strong foundations for his … His teachings, however, are such that anyone one of us, at any given point in our lives, can benefit from them. Folktales In English Guru Har Krishan asked them to bathe in the well in the Bungalow to cure themselves. A few years after Guru Har Krishan assumed the role of Sikh leader, Aurangzeb summoned the young Guru to his court, with an apparent plan to replace him with his elder brother Ram Rai as the Sikh Guru. According to the Guru kian Sakhian, Guru Har Krishan visited the emperor’s court on Chet Sudi Naumi, 1721 Bk/March 25, 1664. His father, the seventh Sikh Guru died at the young age of 31 and named This was the place where he had camped to look after the sick and suffering poverty stricken people of Delhi. Guru Har Rai had not gone himself, but had sent his elder son, Ram Rai, to the emperor’ s court. Installed as Guru at the age of five, Guru ji astonished the Brahmin Pundits with his knowledge and spiritual powers. Why do you lie sick now?” Guru Har Krishan replied, “He who has taken this mortal frame must go through sickness and disease. This first collection of compilations would later form the framework for the Sikh holy book, the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. So will he shed all his sins. As a leader, Guru Harkrishan was without precedent. One must walk in the light of His command.”, Guru Har Krishan had himself taken out of Raja Jai Singh’s house to a camp put up on the bank of the Jamuna. He is also known as Bal Guru (Child Guru),[2] and sometimes spelled in Sikh literature as Hari Krishan Sahib. Once on the way to Delhi from Punjab, Guru Har Krishan was staying at Panjokhara, near present day Ambala. With tears in her eyes, she spoke, “How shall I live without thee, son? Stay here a day so that they may have the chance of seeing you, Master.” The Guru agreed. Nuptials were held on December 3, 1662. His son, Khem Karan, was a promising youth. Why should you have dressed yourself in a maid’s suit?” The Rani bent her head in homage. she asked her husband, Jai Singh, to bring the Guru to the ladies dwelling-house. At the place where Gurū Har Kriśan Jī had lived and worked a Gurdvārā was erected in his honour. That's why most of our educators have achieved an advanced degree in their field. Guru Har Rai was a peaceful leader, who devoted himself to spreading the teachings of Guru Nanak and taking on missionary work. Then mother Sulakkhani came forward. The Baisakhi day (March 29) of 1662 brought to Kiratpur vast numbers of followers. He was born in 1656. This is what Guru Nanak taught. she said, “Son, you occupy the gaddi of Guru Nanak. [6][7] Ram Rai changed the verse to appease Aurangzeb instead of standing by the Sikh scripture, an act for which Guru Har Rai excommunicated his elder son, and nominated the younger Har Krishan to succeed as the next Guru of Sikhism. Lal Singh met with a hero’s death fighting in the battle of Chamkaur on December 7, 1705. It is in view of the extraordinary life of Guru Har Krishan Ji that the tenth master Guru Gobind Singh Ji commemorated him in the Sikh Ardas (supplication to the almighty) with the following words, “Sree Har-Kishan d’hiaa-ee-aae jis dit’haae sabhe dukhe jaa-aae” (Let us think of the holy Har Krishan, whose sight dispels all sorrow). Installed as Guru at the age of five, Guru ji astonished the Brahmin Pundits with his knowledge and spiritual powers. He always practised what he preached. 11. So, on the guru's birth anniversary today, we bring to you a few of his teaching--pinched from the 52 Hukams stated by Guru Gobind Singh--that can be incorporated in our daily lives: 1. The next day, they set out for Bakala to inform Guru Tegh Bahadur.

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