Ghosh (2005), Dreze Jeans et al. If you are writing the literature review section of a dissertation or research paper, you will search for literature related to your research problem and questions. ... Related Papers. For this, data have been taken from Topchanchi Block, and interviews were done with Block programme offices in Topchanchi and other MGNREGA assistants of that Block [38]. 2004. hal-00190453 Literature Review in Games and Learning REPORT 8: FUTURELAB SERIES John Kirriemuir, Ceangal Angela McFarlane, Graduate School of Education, University of Bristol. Hypothesis: MGNREGA could reduce infant malnutrition through positive effects on household food … Statement of the Problem . MGNREGS was not envisaged as a women’s empowerment programme yet, MGNREGS has brought economic and social empowerment of women. Review of literature: Targeting and rationing • Some degree of rationing in unavoidable given fixed budgets at the highest levels, however widespread rationing implies implementation issues and low quality service delivery • Dutta et al. INTRODUCTION Review of literature is one of the most importantsteps in the research process. Country should be alerted with proper education and also they should be entrusted with all sorts of works as per their physical capability”. MGNREGA is providing employment to the tune of 18.1 % of the total work of the households. The present study throws the light by adopting descriptive research design on the employment Sign In Create Free Account. His research, aims to test the challenges causing barriers in the accomplishment of the object of MGNREGA. For combating this debauched scenario, a wide range of poverty alleviation policies have been introduced in the country since the liberation of the country from colonial regime. It is a good way to educate the reader on a topic and bring them up to date on the status of the research in question. different wages are paid in different States. It considers the findings of academic papers and the views expressed by scholars regarding the topic. The present paper backed with empirical evidences from a rural and tribal setup of Jharkhand, attempts to assess the institutional and non-institutional impediments which are encumbering the desired accomplishment of the scheme at the grass-root level. These studies depicts that MGNREGA programmes has shown mixed result so far in whole India. Women’s participation in the scheme has enabled them to come out of their homes not only for the purpose of work but to visit panchayat offices and banks, which was absent in the earlier days. The … The concept of women’s empowerment has got wider popularity and acceptance in Tamil Nadu with the launching of decentralized planning in the state. Skip to search form Skip to main content > Semantic Scholar's Logo. Our analysis contributes to the literature on MGNREGA in a unique way. The main aim of this Act is to enhance the purchasing power of rural people. Poor administrative and planning skills, inadequate awareness, plagued with discrimination, corruption and irregularities, delay in payment of wages. There is a refusal to accept the dual role of women in the as care givers and income earners in the family as a collective concern of the state. This review of the literature provides a thorough introduction to the reader on the topic and presents all the analyses and findings of previous studies. wags and they have to pay up to Rs.50/- as bribe for their job card. The national budget for the financial year 2006-2007 was Rs.113 billion and now fully operational, it costs Rs.391 billion in financial year 2009-2010 [34]. The literature review set for this study focuses on the issues in MGNREGA formed in India. 2. research works like Chandrashekhar & Ghosh (2005), Dreze Jeans et al. It may be understood that the problems and challenges are from both, government and public”. A budget delivery of Rs.12,000 crores has been made during financial year 2007-08, Rs.30,000 cores in 2008-09, Rs. The Central Government bears the costs on the following items: a) The entire cost of wages of unskilled manual workers. The programmes like MGNREGA would create a positive impact on increasing the quantum and level of employment . rural areas by providing at least 100 days of employment in a financial year to the Women workers are the major participants of this scheme. India is one of the largest developing countries in the world. Despite decades of planned development and poverty eradication programs at the national and state levels, poverty continues to persist in large scale in India. Though there is absence of ample amount of studies on the issues of change in gender roles of the women employed on MGNREGS sites yet researches have noted on the increased confidence among women. Empowerment of women refers to the influence of decision making of their own. Literature review in research 1. The poor performing states include Madhya Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Rajasthan and Jharkhand [35]. Social protection is broadly understood as measures to reduce poverty and vulnerability by reducing people's exposure to risks and enhance their capacity to manage those risks, including those associated with unemployment, exclusion, sickness, disability, and old age.4 There is widespread agreement that social protection for the large part is the responsibility of the State. (ii)ST worker against active workers (%), 5. Extending such support to the poor and vulnerable is in fact … They play important role in the growth of the society as well as the country. In most workshops, this is all you’ll need. In this case, it sets a context for a research study and provides a rationale for addressing a particular research question in the light of an existing body of literature. This Paper is an attempt to present a review of the “Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act - With Special Reference to Telangana State. It has become a beacon of light in the empowerment of the rural women and contributed substantially for improving their lifestyle and economic conditions. Women have registered their real contribution to the household’s income. instrument of rural development and employment generation from the beginning of Eleventh Five Year Plan. (i)SC worker against active workers (%), 9. All rights reserved. Highlighting the critical role played by the MGNREGA, this paper exemplifies the issues and significance of MGNREGA particularly in the context of rural India. The empowerment of rural women is crucial for the development of the rural Bharat. The present study signifies to evaluate the extent of growth made and the dimensions of various issues associated with the programme in the most backward state of Bihar and Jharkhand. Women speaking in the gram sabha and also women having access to post offices and banks are new developments [24]. have had high cash flow. There is clear evidence to suggest that, while implementation has been very uneven across states and districts, four positive impacts are visible (i) agricultural wages have increased (ii) distress increased (iv) specifically water conservation structures have been built and, in many cases, have been revived [33]. SC person days % as of total person days, 6. It includes from where you need to start and how you will conclude the whole review. The investigation of any problem requires the work done on the reviewing similar topics by other researcher workers which is directly relevant to the objectives of the study. 1. The scheme has truly a positive impact on women empowerment, in so far as it has addressed a number of practical gender needs [1]. 002, 010, 017, 029 The project … In recent years there has been increasing interest in this problem, especially in view of the fact that … Hence. Basically, the required materials have been derived from various journals, articles from newspaper, magazines, and web-sites which deal directly or indirectly with the topics related with issues challenges were included in this study. Long journey of rural development programme, the government of India enacted MGNREGA to promote right to work, and right to food among rural residences. DISCUSSION AND LITERATURE REVIEW There are many studies to analyse the impact of the MGNREGA programme on the different spheres of workers and the whole economy. productive assets directly linked to agriculture and allied activities. MGNREGA in term of social audit and to provide suggestions on how to improve the design and ... a review of expenditure and materials, and ... the literature on Social audit under the scheme is nearly limited in the state of Rajasthan. Literature Review Worksheet: Gun Control and Virginia (2 pages) 3. P.U. Thus it … MGNREGS was not envisaged as a women’s empowerment programme, yet, it has brought economic and social empowerment of women. Rs. Therefore, to write a literature review, it is compulsory that you are a real expert in the object of study. The programmes like MGNREGA would create a positive impact on increasing the quantum and level of employment [42]. To structure a good literature review, you should create a complete concept in your mind. It was renamed as ‘Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act’ on 2-10-2009. During the year 2013-14, 3.8 crores household were given employment and a total of 135 crores person-days of employment have been produced. The effectiveness of this programme would improve if the poor could be made fully aware of this programme [50]. At 6DollarEssay.com, just tell us what you are looking for and our representative will … The Among them, the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) scheme outruns all the existing arrangements and stands out as the largest poverty alleviation scheme operational in the country. Livres Ouvrages publiés par Les Éditions Saint-Germain-Morya; CD CD publiés par Les Éditions Saint-Germain-Morya; Mon Compte; Commande; Panier It also endeavours to forward a few recommendations for policy makers for enhancing and improving the implementation of the said scheme. rural households who are volunteer to do unskilled manual works. Strategies for composing your literature review template. This Act started functioning from 2nd Feb.2006. 1.11. 39,100 crores in 2009-10 and 40,100 crores in 2010-11 respectively for execution of the scheme (MoRD,2012). Theses and dissertations are examples of studies. This document also details how Flourish PYO aims to address issues of food security and how this may impact levels of chronic disease. You can follow this outline when writing your own literature review. Women who are earning member of the family are the beneficiaries of the scheme including all rural people. The study focuses on performance of MGNREGA by relevant performance indicators, in various states in together micro and macro settings, underlining the common and unique issues emerged across these study sites related to the implementation of the MGNREGA and its functioning”. Literature Review A number of literature based on empirical studies are available on the role of MGNREGA in achieving livelihood security and promoting sustainable development. 1.8. Review of Related Literature . Reviewing the related literature requires the researcher to make in-depth readings of both the reasearch and conceptual literature. Literature Review in Games and Learning. World Development Report 2014 termed it a "stellar example of rural development" and noted economist Amartya Sen also said it is a good Scheme for employment generation in rural areas, but it has to be reformed. Occasionally you will be asked to write one as a separate assignment, but more often it is part of the introduction to an essay, research report, or thesis. A total of 111 lakhs job were taken up of which 11.17 lakhs have been completed so far and remaining jobs are in progress. II. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. It is evidenced from the literature review the research implications for the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme will definitely help policy makers, government, panchayats, rural women, and human resource practitioners to provide suitable suggestions and help practitioners and both the state and central government to look at the existing solutions for the problems in domain and adopt the methodologies for new sectors such as MGNREGA. Formatting A Literature Review. Women worker feels highly satisfied with MGNREGA the wages equal to both male and female. An analysis of the literature revealed that differences between authors' accounts of reflective processes are larg … This programme is encompassing the whole of the rural India and spends a huge budget, when extended to the state Jammu and Kashmir from 11th May 2007 and was implemented in various phases; however in April 2008 the (2012), Datta et al. The scheme improve the work involvement rate under MGNREGS, farmer-related works like agriculture works need be introduced. ABSTRACT The Government of India initiated many employment generating programmes to address unemployment problem in rural area, however it remains major challenge to India’s development. It is interesting to see that the Act appears to be quite meaningful and powerful for rural development in general and women empowerment in particular for the entire nation [17]. The MGNREGA is one of the largest initiatives of its kind in the world. India had an ambitious target of cutting down its poverty rate to 10.95% from 21.92%, by 2030. A literature review is a study – or, more accurately, a survey – involving scholarly material, with the aim to discuss published information about a specific topic or research question. This paper is a review of the literature on reflection. Women are needed part of the world. the first 30 days of unemployment and half of the wages beyond this. SOP for Streamlining Timely Payment MGNREGA; Supreme Court matter: Important communication on pending wage liability. The review builds up to the content of their work and answers questions that have originated from the literature. The female agricultural wage has been much higher than male wages [43]. The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) has been a subject of lively debate today. The research in detail should help with that. Agricultural incomes have increased across the country, in which the impact of MGNREGS is considerable. Conceptual Framework . By Debananda Bindhani. A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources that provides an overview of a particular topic. Improvement in rural environment and sanitation. Further it makes a proportional analysis between the select fifteen states of the Indian union which provides the structure for policy approval for the poor performing states with respect to various parameters [29]. Women participation is very high with 80% of the total beneficiaries under the scheme. REVIEW OF LITERATURE . These studies depicts that MGNREGA programmes has shown mixed result so far in whole India. Biswajit Mohapatra. Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 (NREGA)”, Draft Report, New Delhi. Allied Academies Act ’ on 2-10-2009 and extended whole country wages earned at MGNREGA works on regular food buyer... Get additional respect from their society and family [ 20 ] feeding and care contribution to economic activity more... 2015-16 which is less than National average empower has become equal with the women. Wages equal to both male and female scheme [ 45 ] to pay up to Rs.50/- as bribe their... Of light in the underdeveloped and developed areas [ 44 ] flexible timings etc proper education and women! Originated from the scheme does not appear to be some basic problems the! Allowance payable by the central employment Guarantee Act, 2005 women having access to post offices banks! Rate to 10.95 % from 21.92 %, by 2030 is the complete outline that you a. Since women remain as caregivers of the resources of families in poverty and so on communication! Act ’ on 2-10-2009 and extended whole country the document a decade of application, MGNREGS has brought and... Hypothesis: MGNREGA could reduce infant malnutrition through positive effects on household food Decentralized! Were presented below and allied activities results indicated that stated objectives were significantly to! Activity becomes more visible scheme let down is the complete outline that you can this. Review includes journal articles, and 31.53 crore for STs, and to identify role relevance. 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