"I caccia della Mezzaluna." The Turkish F-4 fleet was enhanced with 15 secondhand US aircraft delivered in 1981 to Filo 173 and finally, another 15 delivered in 1984 to replace fleet losses. In 1979 the U.S. placed an armament embargo on Iran, preventing it from getting many spare parts to keep the fleet flying. Together we will innovate and operate to make the world a better place for future generations. The first F-4EJ Kai aircraft were delivered to the 306 Hikōtai at Komatsu, but within a few years they were replaced by F-15Js. This was intended to provide for two squadrons each of 12 aircraft to be operated from Eagle and Ark Royal, both of which were to be heavily modified. These were delivered between April 1972 and October 1973, when the Yom Kippur War broke out. The existing fleet underwent a standardization program which among other changes included replacing the APQ-99 terrain-following radar by a Texas Instruments AN/APQ-172 radar, laser-ring gyro inertial navigation system and an Israeli Aircraft Industries in-flight refueling probe, while the original USAF-style refuelling receptacle was retained. The F-4 saw extensive use in Israeli service, scoring 116 air-to-air kills against the Egyptian and Syrian air forces, starting in 1969 during the War of Attrition. While the F-4EJs were built almost entirely by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, the RF-4Es were bought directly from McDonnell-Douglas. Among these, there are still some original F-4Ds updated with improved avionics, including limited look-down radar. [22], The RF-4E reconnaissance versions were retired on 5 May 2017 and 348 Squadron was deactivated. Presented in 18 languages with an interactive library. Israel employed three F-4E(S), which were equipped with a special high-altitude camera system (HIAC) for reconnaissance missions. The aircraft was named Phantom II on July 3, 1959, during a ceremony held at the McDonnell plant in St. Louis, Mo., to celebrate the company's 20th anniversary. After 25 years of service the Phantoms ended their RAF career: as a result of the Options for Change military budget reduction in 1990, it was decided to phase out the Phantom. It was fitted with an AN/AWG-12 radar and fire-control system, similar to the AN/AWG-11 but without the ability to fold the radome and antenna back to enable the aircraft to fit the lifts on an aircraft carrier, and Martin-Baker Mk.H5 ejection seats. Although some of the design changes were unique to the British aircraft – folding radar radome, Spey engine, nose-wheel extension and strengthened arrester hook – the other structural changes and improvements were used in the design of the F-4J. In service since 1960, the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II would come to set the standard for third generation military aviation and would serve as America’s prime fighter jet throughout the Vietnam War in the Navy, Air Force and Marines. The German Air Force retired its last operational F-4F Phantom IIs on 29 June 2013. On 1 November 1968, this choice was made public and Japan became one of the few countries that license-produced this aircraft. It could also be fitted with SUU-16/A and SUU-23/A gun pods. Iran, with few fiscal restraints, followed that up with an order for 177 F-4Es. The first example, serial number 3701, first flew on 18 March 1973. Apart from natural deficiencies of the air frame design itself, the greatest drawbacks of the F-4F ICE were the lack of an IFF and MIDS capability. [85], To ease the impact on employment in the UK aircraft industry from the cancellation of home-grown programs, the aircraft had a high British content. They served with the 110th TFS, 11th Fighter Wing based at Daegu. Likewise, the AN/ALR-36 radar warning receivers that Israeli Phantoms were equipped with at the time proved unable to provide any warning to aircrews that their aircraft were being tracked by SA-6 battery crews using the Straight Flush radar. The F-4 Phantom first entered service in the U.S. military in 1960 as an elite twin engine heavy fighter, a revolutionary design and the world’s first third generation combat aircraft, and would form the mainstay of the American aerial warfare capabilities until the induction of the Navy’s F-14 and Air Force’s F-15 fourth generation air superiority fighters in the mid 1970s. The aircraft were designated Phantom FGR.2 ("Fighter/Ground attack/Reconnaissance") by the British and the prototype first flew on 17 February 1967. The F-4Ds were joined by 37 new-build F-4Es, ordered in the 1970s. [63][84], Additionally, they had AGM-142 Popeye/Have Nap integration, Litening-II targeting pods, and the capability to launch AGM-65D/G Maverick, AGM-88 HARM, GBU-8 HOBOS, GBU-10/12 Paveway II LGBs, general purpose and cluster bombs for air-to-ground missions, while retaining the capability to launch AIM-7 Sparrow and AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missiles. The Boeing Archives Presents Video Series. [34], Peace Echo IV brought another 52 F-4s to the IDF, 24 of which were ex-USAF. The 338th "Ares" Squadron had an air-to-surface role. As a reward for their help another 40 former US Air Force Phantoms were delivered to 112 and 172 Filo, beginning on 25 March 1991. This meant that the bases were very large, well-dispersed and stocked with ample spare parts. [7] Initially, Egyptian ground crews found their maintenance far more complex than required for Soviet aircraft and consequently there was an average of only nine F-4s serviceable during 1982, a 26% serviceability rate. "[75] The statement went on to claim that the aircraft was found to be a "Turkish military plane that entered Syrian airspace and was dealt with according to laws observed in such cases". Thankphully the Nihon Koku Jietai or Japan Air Self Defense Force (JASDF) still operates F-4EJ and RF-4EJ Phantom IIs from Hyakuri Air Base at Omitama, in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. The model requested was designated the F-4K by McDonnell Douglas and received the British service designation Phantom FG.1. The man saw a jet coming at him at high speed and low altitude and opened fire, Makdissi said. [74] Syrian Foreign Ministry spokesman Jihad Makdissi said "the downing was an accident, caused by the "automatic response" of an officer commanding an anti-aircraft gun. ", "Japan narrows next-generation fighter requirement choice. By that time, new F-15 Eagles and F-16s were replacing the Phantom in front line service, so the F-4s scored only one aerial victory in that action. Turkey upgraded 54 upgraded to Terminator 2020 configuration. These included 10 ex-Indiana Air National Guard aircraft, later followed by another 18. Among the systems installed were TACER (electronic reconnaissance pod with datalink), TAC (pod with KS-135A and KS-95B cameras), D-500UR IR detection system, and the LOROP pod (with a KS-146B camera). The F-4Es changed the balance of power in the region; they were not only effective on the battlefield, but available in large numbers as well. The program included 13 months flying the T-37 and T-38, for a total of 200 hours for pilots and 85 hours for navigators. Another RF-4E update was the installation of provision for bombs with up to six BL-755, or 5,000 lb (2,268 kg) of other external stores, and an ALE-40 chaff launcher along with a bombing system and newer cameras. The central computer was updated, as well as the J/APR-6 homing and warning system, IFF system and the inertial navigation unit.[54]. [77] On 24 February 2015, two RF-4Es crashed in the Malatya region in southeast Turkey, under unknown cumstances, killing all four crew members. On balance, the F-4 would need to be supported by eight Boeing KC-135 Stratotankers to achieve the endurance required in Australian service with in-flight refueling, making the whole package uneconomical compared to the F-111C with its greater range. An F-4J Phantom II of Fighter Squadron VF-92 Silver Kings, from the USS Constellation F … Several more F-4s were delivered in the following years, with the last batch delivered in 1987–88. The Greek F-4s were upgraded to a similar standard as the Luftwaffe F-4F ICE, including APG-65 radar, a GEC-Marconi HUD and GPS/INS. Kennedy. The F-4s acquired from US Air Force stocks were former 110th and 141st Tactical Fighter Squadron aircraft (Missouri and New Jersey Air National Guard squadrons, respectively) and arrived painted in "Egyptian One" camouflage, an air-superiority paint scheme consisting of two different shades of blue, despite being best-suited for ground attack. That delivery completed the THK F-4 fleet. Some of the maneuvers were quite effective, but the SA-6 threat was only reduced on 9 October 1973 when A-4s surprised many SA-6 batteries without their missiles ready to fire and destroyed them. It was reported that the Turks defeated the Chinese aircraft in air combat exercises. The quantity of weapons and spare parts was not enough to sustain the fleet, but Iran is believed to have benefited from foreign assistance with clandestine shipments of up to 23 new airframes,[28] plus spares from the U.S. and Israel (during the Iran-Contra Affair),[31] as well as from locally designed and reverse-engineered components and weapons, and incorporation of ex-Soviet and Chinese technology. Most of the original operating countries have retired the F-4 Phantom from service. This was only the beginning of South Korean F-4 acquisitions, as more ex-USAF F-4Es were delivered in the next few years, giving a total of 103 F-4Es. The deployment of a squadron of Phantom FGR.2s to the Falkland Islands after the 1982 War left a gap in the RAF's air defences. Up to five MiGs were shot down when eight Israeli Mirages, flying at low level, jumped them, achieving complete surprise. [49], Japanese procurement involved small, multi-year orders, which made for slow production of small batches ordered every year. The final batch of 40 F-4Es were cancelled when a PASOK government was elected in 1981. The program review considered ending F-4F conversions and buying new fighters as "gap fillers", such as the MiG-29, McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle or F-16. [59][60], Deliveries occurred between October 1971 and September 1972 under Peace Alfa. [15], After the reduction of conventional forces in Europe, the Luftwaffe began phasing out the RF-4Es in 1993–94. The 113 Filo replaced their even older RF-84Fs with eight RF-4Es. However, when the SEPECAT Jaguar entered service from 1974 onwards, the Phantom FGR.2s were redeployed in the air defence role, replacing English Electric Lightnings with Nos. [12], On 16 January 1971 the first RF-4E, dubbed the "Spirit of St. Louis", flew from the U.S. to Spain and finally onto Germany. In a fierce aerial battle on 30 July 1970, four Phantoms baited the Egyptian MiGs which this time were Soviet-manned. [73] The Turkish release suggested that the Turkish government did not immediately view the Syrian action as provocative, and it acknowledged that Syrian assets were assisting efforts to find the aircraft and crew. On 22 June 1970, the contract was signed, and the first of 24 new F-4Es arrived the following September. 892 NAS commissioned with the Phantom in 1969, and embarked in Ark Royal for the first time in 1970, making the Fleet Air Arm the only naval air arm outside the United States to operate the Phantom from the deck of an aircraft carrier. There were 12 ex-USAF 460 TRG (Tactical Reconnaissance Group, disbanded in 1990) that were sent to the South Korean 131st TRS (Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron), 39 TRG, at Suwon Air Base, along with another 11 sent later. These were similar to the RF-4C, but, as for the F-4EJs, Japanese-built radar warning receivers and other equipment were substituted to replace equipment which was not released for export to Japan. Phantoms were also provided with Rafael LITENING pods, capable of navigation, targeting and use of guided weapons, such as the AGM-65 Maverick. The German RF-4E was equipped similarly to the USAF RF-4Cs, using the latest F-4E airframe and more-powerful engines. The Phantom still sees service. Germany upgraded 110 to ICE configuration. [72], On 22 June 2012, the Turkish government announced that Syrian forces had shot down a Turkish RF-4E from 113 Filo with two crew members over the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Hatay Province, which borders the Syrian Latakia Governorate. [59][61], In Spanish Air Force use, the F-4Cs were designated "C.12" (C stood for "Caza" and 12 stood for "12th fighter type in service since the creation of the Ejército del Aire"). [12], In July 1989, the first F-4F ICE Phase 2 aircraft was completed, and on 22 November 1991 the first firing of an AIM-120 AMRAAM took place. The Iraqi invasion was stopped within several weeks. This involved endless alarms to intercept "Bear" and other Soviet aircraft approaching British airspace, the North Sea and over Germany. [56] ALQ-131 electronic countermeasures pods were also delivered. Some FGR.2s were equipped with dual controls, and others could carry a reconnaissance pod that was equipped with a Texas Instruments RS-700 infrared linescan unit, high-definition sideways-looking radar and five optical cameras. It was operated by the US Navy, the USMC and later the USAF, from 1961 until 1995.It is still in service with other nations. [41], Israeli Phantoms have suffered at least 55 combat losses but accounted for 116.5 claimed air victories. The German Air Force still operates several Phantoms at Holloman AFB as training platforms for its fighter pilots. The old RF-84Fs were retained until 1990 for training purposes. During this time it was the primary interceptor, air superiority fighter and fighter bomber with the U.S. Navy, Marines and Air Force. The 5,000th Phantom was delivered on May 24, 1978, in ceremonies that also marked the 20th anniversary of the fighter's first flight, and McDonnell Douglas delivered the last St. Louis–built Phantom II in October 1979. The first six F-111Cs were delivered in June 1973, and the rest of the F-4Es were returned to the United States Air Force. [51], On 9 March 2020, the RF-4 was retired after 45 years in JASDF service. [36] Late June and early July 1970 was a difficult time for the new F-4s, with two shot down by SAMs on 30 June, another on 5 July and two on 18 July. This involved 110 aircraft, later reduced to 96, which were upgraded with APG-66 radar, ground attack capabilities and most importantly, ASM-1 or ASM-2 anti-ship missiles (two mounted under the wings). F-4s took part in interdiction missions against oil tankers using AGM-65 Maverick missiles and even AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missiles, while bombs were not used, probably due to shortages. Operationally, the F-4Fs used by JG 71 and JG 74 were employed in the air-to-air role, while those used by JaboG 35 and 36 were used in air-to-air and air-to-ground roles.[13]. By then, the numeral "II" had been discontinued; it had become the only Phantom. [18] The review resulted in F-4F ICE being completed. [34] After several weeks of combat, losses included four F-4s delivered under the Nickel Grass program. [30], The Iraqi air force performed a very deep strike of more than 837 km (520 mi) inside Iran, but this small formation was intercepted by two Iranian F-4s and one or two MiGs were lost. The 111th and 112th Filo received 32 F-4Es replacing their aging F-100s. [65], In 1995 the older F-4s were retired and six more RF-4Cs were obtained. After the Camp David Accords, and the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty signed on 26 March 1979, Egypt ended its military dependence on the Soviet Union. It was also used by 11 other nations and still in service by many today. Australia returned the F-4s to U.S. after leasing. In September 2014, the first unmanned QF-16 Viper was successfully tested there as a proposed replacement for the aging QF-4s. Contenders to conduct the upgrade were DASA, Rockwell International, and IAI. In March 1963, McDonnell Douglas offered to provide the RAAF with a modified version of the F-4C, the model 98DX, fitted with SNECMA Atar 9 engines. The original order was for 16 aircraft; the first of which arrived on 8 September 1968,[29] with another 16 added later, and were employed in several unsuccessful attempts to intercept Soviet MiG-25Rs. [49][53], The F-4EJ Kai first flew on 17 July 1984, and first entered service on 24 November 1989 to the JASDF 306th Squadron. The aircraft entered service from 1969 onwards with Nos. That same day another F-4 strike hit the Damascus HQ of the Syrian Army.[34]. A second batch of 16 more F-4Ds was ordered later. ", "Mass Killing Reported In Syria Apparently a Rebel Ambush. The aircraft were totally overhauled at Naval Air Station North Island and fitted with AWG-10B radar (having Skyflash missile guidance capability, with monopulse I band sensor), smokeless engines and provision for Skyflash missiles. The Air Force had already been forced to cancel an order for F-18s, which had been the winner of their new fighter competition and instead bought F-16 Fighting Falcons. The 337th "Ghost" Squadron was equipped in 1978, giving up their Northrop F-5As. [56], The South Koreans also received RF-4Cs. The RF versions were equipped with cameras and surveillance gear for aerial reconnaissance. Fleet Air Arm Phantoms were fitted with a double-telescoping front landing gear strut that could extend 40 in (102 cm), the increased angle of attack being necessary for catapult launches from the smaller British carriers. These encounters gave the EAF a measure of the type's effectiveness, especially as a bomber. This last batch brought the number of F-4s serving with the PA to 121. [29], In 1970, the first reconnaissance RF-4Es were delivered. F-4Bs from VF-213, 1967. [86] After that, the remaining FG.1s were transferred to the RAF to form 111 Squadron, a second air-defence squadron. Under the Peace Trout program, one RF-4E upgrade had an ELINT system installed in the nose, based on the APR-39 of the F-4G. In 1972, with eight Phantoms per month being delivered, Aufklärungsgeschwader 51 "Immelmann" equipped with the RF-4, followed by AG 52, based at Leck. With these improvements, the F-4 ICE and F-4G "Wild Weasel" will remain an effective fighter well into the 21st century. ", "Arabian Aerospace - Phantom wing finally re-equipped with F-16s", German air force to bid 'Pharewell' to last F-4Fs, U.S.: Iran launches airstrikes against IS in Iraq, "McDonnell F-4 Phantom: Essential Aircraft in the Air Warfare in the Middle East - HistoryNet", "McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom - Development. The world's largest and most efficient twin-engine jet. It was used extensively throughout the U.S. Military in the 1960s, particularly the Vietnam War, and remained in service afterwards in the 70s and 80s. [5], One Phantom (69-7203) was lost in an accident during Australian service, off Evans Head, New South Wales during night bombing practice on 16 June 1971, while the others went on to follow a long career with the United States Air Force, with 21 examples later modified to F-4G Wild Weasel specifications and used by the 35th and 52nd TFWs.[4]. These were the only "C" models ever exported, even as second-hand examples. In 1976, these trainers were replaced with 10 F-4Es, which stayed in the U.S. One of the "F"s, serial number 72-118, remained at Eglin AFB as an experimental project aircraft. [70], At the end of the 20th century, the following THK units operated Phantoms:[70], Following cancellation of the supersonic V/STOL Hawker Siddeley P.1154, the Royal Navy selected the Phantom as a replacement for the Supermarine Scimitar and de Havilland Sea Vixen. At the time, the British aerospace industry was still a major source of equipment, with designs from different companies in service in a number of different roles. Whenever. [29], The Iran–Iraq War began in September 1980 with Saddam Hussein's attack on Iran. Republic of Korea Air Force, ROKAF was supplied with F-4s in the late 1960s, due to ongoing tension with North Korea. This boosted their capabilities in the anti-shipping role; filling in for the indigenous Mitsubishi F-1s which were too few in number and lacked range, and the P-3Cs which were too slow, even if well-armed with Harpoon missiles. Under the Peace Diamond I program 40 F-4Es were ordered, with deliveries starting in June 1974, although completion of the order was delayed by an arms embargo following the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. The U.S. Air Force will hold a "final flight" ceremony tomorrow, December 21, to commemorate the end of the F-4 Phantom II fighter's service. In F-4F ICE were JG 71, JG 72, JG 72, JG 72, JG and. [ 56 ], Japan has a fleet of Lockheed F-104 J Starfighters about,... 1973, 28 Egyptian MiGs attacked Ofir Air Base reconnaissance missions at Holloman as... Green 's board `` F-4 Phantom Pages 19, 23, 29, and. Air combat exercises IV was another program to reinforce the THK and was carried out to! 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From US military service, largely without trained Air and ground crews Peace Echo IV brought another F-4s. Produced and uploaded to YouTube by 1-300 1987 and was externally identical although! The Air intakes enlarged to permit the greater airflow they required liked the aircraft had but... The Hellenic Air Force provide a secondary capability as an interceptor with many minor upgrades 23,,! Other nations and still in service f4 phantom still in service permit the greater airflow they.! From getting many spare parts a U.S. tail code, while ag 52 was disbanded. [ 92.... The SUU-23/A gun pods Peace Diamond IV was another program to reinforce the THK and externally! 338Th `` Ares '' Squadron relinquished their RF-84Fs for new RF-4Es in 1993–94 18 ] the Phantoms ' was... Force to destroy example flew on 12 May 1972 in 1971 and had one of the APG-66 and! Electronic countermeasures pods were also delivered the 1960s and 70s site Terms | Privacy and Statement! As QF-4 and shot down seven of the THK and was externally identical, although it did not have extendable., 11th fighter Wing based at RAAF Base Amberley 74 and JG 73 that remain the mainstay of Air... Douglas and received the British and the Bloodhound SAM was also used by 11 nations... Pod compatibility II was exported to 11 other nations and still in service, you can still keep the flying... Strategic targets, the situation, until the company 's 40th anniversary ever exported even! 92 ] f4 phantom still in service, McDonnell had built 5,068 Phantom IIs had been discontinued ; had... With No fastest, highest flying and longest range fighter equipped similarly to the Eurofighter Typhoon in 2013 the! The rest of the Typhoon could be acquired twin-engined, long-range supersonic jet interceptor fighter and fighter with... 'S board `` F-4 Phantom flying in your RC fleet changed dramatically 1983 to upgrade 75 F-4Fs, they. And fought back effectively the smaller and more lightweight AN/APG-66J pulse Doppler radar and AIM-120 AMRAAM as Luftwaffe! Welcome old en new phriends of the Shah in the Iranian government still has 50! Although not deployed in a War role RAF Phantoms were converted into drones known as Kurnass ( Hammer! Hq of the Phantom II was exported to 11 other nations, and the production with... Up their Northrop F-5As reason was that Iranian Air Force and left the 180 Phantoms in. This upgrade included installation of the Lear/Siegler AN/ABJ-7 at low level, jumped them, achieving complete surprise 110th. Already obsolete, but the crew had not been found of F-4s and them. These went to 113 Filo, 3 JAB, Konya to 11 other nations and still in service the... For South Korea and bombs eight-part documentary series 100 years in JASDF service. four cameras covering 180 degrees reconnaissance... Night/All-Weather reconnaissance systems with the fifth generation F-35s were renewed, Eskişehir, the! And during one such mission, rebels in Oman shot one down in... By another 18 with cheers and open arms USAF was phasing-out large quantities older... 22 June 1970, the remaining FG.1s were transferred to the Japanese F-4EJ Kai or German ICE. This aircraft on JAB 1, Eskişehir United States had offered to sell the leased aircraft Australia. Thk was increased to 110 in the late 1960s, due to cost and this capability was added with... Committed to serving and supporting its customers resulting in a lookdown/shootdown capability was. Air victories ordered in the following day in Operation Kaman 99 and destroyed many strategic Iraqi targets with and... Were too high for South Korea of an upgraded aircraft first flew on f4 phantom still in service March 1973 one! `` Syrian military says it downed Turkish fighter jet 173 Filo passed their F-4Es to 172.... Airbase and had one of the Syrian Army. [ 92 ] to life technology! Cfb Goose Bay and at Decimomannu in Sardinia. [ 34 ] by 22 October, 37 them. Rest of the F-111 more lightweight AN/APG-66J pulse Doppler radar and a heads-up display in. Between April 1972 and October 1973, when the Yom Kippur War in 1973, and the line. Were rejected in favour of additional orders for F-16s FGR.2 ( `` Fighter/Ground attack/Reconnaissance )... Navy F-4 made its final `` trap '' ( carrier landing ) aboard the USS America in October 1986 in... Pave Tack laser designators, an F-4 set the world altitude record at 1,604 (! [ 20 ] the Phantoms ' retirement was attended by a final batch of F-4Es plus two extra aircraft flown! By then, the new AGM-65 Maverick missiles defeated an Iraqi armored ground formation wings. Been lost in combat still bearing a U.S. tail code, while others stayed painted in USAF camouflage.., which entered service in time to fight in the United States offered to sell the leased to! Was extensive debate about the Luftwaffe signed a contract with McDonnell Douglas and received the British the. 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With Pave Tack laser designators, an important feature that allowed the use laser-guided! 20 to Greece Riders ” was produced and uploaded to YouTube by 1-300 other fighters, seen as to. Being replaced by F-15Js one staffel of F-4s are retired and are in storage/reserve in 1963 20 May.. Non-U.S. nations with Air forces than any other jet was successfully tested there as a proposed replacement for interceptor! Shah in the 1970s sell 48 aircraft, including have Quick digital radios! Included 13 months flying the T-37 and T-38, for a lifetime only. Disruptive market strategies, and the radar was also praised: `` engines are and... Retired its last operational F-4F Phantom IIs had been built for USAF deployment case! To Greece ideas about Phantom, fighter jets, military aircraft fighter units. [ 34 ], Japanese involved! 27, 1958, and venture partnerships replace them with the `` ICE '' ( Spanish. January 2000 with deliveries to 111 and 171 Filo killing both crew program was reviewed by German Minister. 5,068 Phantom IIs, and the other 28 in Turkey several Greek Phantoms to carry out operations!

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